Case Report Open Access
A Case Report of Constrictive Pericarditis in a Post– Tuberculous Pleurisy Patient
Zhe Jin1#, Jiazheng Sun1#, Ru Wang2, Sheng Li3, Sanwu Wu2, Yang Xiang2 and You en Zhang2*
1#Postgraduate Training Base of Shiyan, Jinzhou Medical University, China
2Department of Cardiology and Institute of Clinical Medicine, Renmin Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, China
3Department of Medical Imaging Center, Renmin Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, China
*Corresponding author: Youen Zhang, Department of Cardiology, Renmin Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, No.39 Chaoyang Road, China, Tel: +860-719-863-7305; Fax : +860-719-866-6352; E-mail: @
#Zhe Jin and Jiazheng Sun are contributed equally to this work.
Received date: February 08, 2022; Accepted date: March 06, 2022; Publishing date: March 15, 2022
Citation: Zhe Jin, Jiazheng Sun, Ru Wang, Sheng Li et al. (2022) A Case Report of Constrictive Pericarditis in a Post–Tuberculous Pleurisy Patient. Cardiovascular Thoracic Surgery 7(1): 1-3. DOI: 10.15226/2573-864X/7/1/00172
Constrictive pericarditis still poses a diagnostic dilemma, even in the modern era. A combination of immense morbidity and excellent prognosis following surgery dictates early, accurate diagnosis of the condition. We report the case of a patient with a post–tuberculous pleurisy, which was found in regular inspection.
Pericardium disease is a common cardiovascular disease observed in clinical practice, and has a very wide disease spectrum [1]. It is difficult to make an accurate etiological diagnosis in clinical settings, making it correspondingly difficult to develop an appropriate treatment plan. Constrictive pericarditis can be associated with almost any pericardial disease, and is often mistaken for restrictive cardiomyopathy [2]. We here present a description of certain clinical and morphological findings in an elderly patient with constrictive pericarditis.

Case Presentation
A 64-year-old woman presented to our hospital with repeated chest pain occurring periodically over the previous 10 years. This pain was typically followed by chest tightness and shortness of breath lasting four days. Her medical history included hypertension. Results of the physical examination were as follows: heart rate, 61 beats per minute; blood pressure, 145/80 mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa); respiratory rate, 20 beats per minute. She was conscious, automatic posture, clear ability to cooperate with the physical examination, no cyanosis of the lips, no induration of the jugular vein, no enlargement of the thyroid gland, no palpation of superficial lymph nodes, and coarse breath sounds in both lungs. No dry or wet rales were heard. Herheart’ srhythm was uniform, and no heart murmur was heard. Herabdomen was soft, without tenderness or rebound pain. There was no percussion pain in the liver or kidney area, and no edema in the lower limbs.

Some of the examination results showed improvement during the patient’s hospitalstay. From Electrocardiogram (ECG), these improvements were in sinus rhythm and ST-T change. From heart color Doppler ultrasound [Figure 1], these improvements were in pericardium calcification in the free wall of the left ventricle, enlargement of the left ventricle, and fullness of the right ventricle. Overall systolic function of the left ventricle was normal, and diastole was limited in the resting state. The inner diameters of areas of the heart cavity (mm) were: left atrium (front and back × up and down × left and right) 42×61×45, left ventricular diameter (anterior-to-posterior) 37, right atrium (left and right) 44, and right ventricle (left and right) 30. The thicknesses of the heart’schamber walls (mm) were: diastolic ventricular septal thickness (IVSD) 8, posterior wall of left ventricle during diastole (LVPWD) 8; Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) 59% (M type), Left Ventricular Shortening Fraction (FS) 29%, left ventricular diastolic function E/A>1 (mitral valve flow). No obvious abnormalities were detected in blood routine, hypersensitive troponin T, D-dimer, renal function, liver function, blood lipid, coagulation function. Pro-brain natriuretic peptide (pro-BNP) 634.00 pg/ mL (reference range 0–300pg/mL).

Chest Computed Tomography (CT) showed pericardium calcification CAG [Figure 2]. A small amount of fluid had accumulated in the right thoracic cavity. Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) with enhancement showed left atrial enlargement [Figure 3]. The right chamber was full. At rest, the overall systolic function of the left ventricle was normal, and diastole was limited. The pericarditis may have been thickened and calcified, and we considered constrictive pericarditis given her medical history. No significant coronary artery stenosis was observed.

The patient’s medical history was examined, and the patient reported tuberculous pleurisy 50 years earlier (details unknown). Anti-platelet aggregation, blood pressure control, ventricular rate control, lipid regulation, and symptomatic support treatment were given. The patient and her family declined further pericardiectomy, and the patient was discharged after her symptoms improved with medication. The hospital followed up with the patient for more than two years, during which the patient showed no readily visible symptoms.
Figure 1: Echocardiographic image showing left ventricular free wall pericardial calcification, enlarged left atrium, full right atrium, ascending aorta slightly wider, multivalvular small regurgitation. The overall systolic function of the left ventricle at rest is normal, and the diastolic function is limited.
Figure 2: Chest computed tomography (CT). The heart is enlarged, showing pericardial calcification. We considered the possibility of constrictive pericarditis. A small amount of fluid is in the right pleural cavity.
Figure 3: Cardiac MRI+ enhancement. The left atrium is enlarged. The right atrium is full. In the resting state, the overall systolic function of the left ventricle is still normal, and the diastole is limited. The pericardium may be thickened and calcified. We considered the possibility of constrictive pericarditis due to the patient’s medical history.
This work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China [No. 81500237] and Special Foundation for Knowledge Innovation of Hubei Province [Nature Science Foundation] [No. 2017CFB563].
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