Wilson Onuigbo, Department of Pathology, Medical Foundation & Clinic, 8 Nsukka Lane, Enugu, 400001 Nigeria. Email:
Keywords: Definition, History, Cancer, Publication, Reprints, “Clustering”, New Lymphatics, Lymphangiogenesis; Scientometrics, Surgery.
1. Onuigbo WIB (1971) False firsts in cancer literature. Oncology, 25:163-167.
2. Onuigbo WIB (1972) Historical data on the dynamics of lymphatic metastases. Oncology, 26:505-514.
3. Onuigbo WIB (1973) The organ status of lymph nodes in cancer metastasis. Oncology, 28:227-231.
4. Onuigbo WIB (1974) Organ selectivity in human cancer metastasis. A review. Oncology, 30:294-303.
In sum, 1971 was the year that my contribution first contained keywords. Then, those of 1972, 1973, and 1974 followed close by. Was this nearness due to the role of “clustering”? According to Frame, Narin and Carpenter, “clustering” is a significant feature of informatics . This accommodative word means the tendency for a distinct group to stand out among any cohort that is concerned “not only with research activities but also the production of scientific literature.” Incidentally, I had previously surveyed 44 of my scientific papers with regard to their citability by USA authors . This was done strictly according to their states of affiliation. In this way, I confirmed the theory of “cluttering” from several angles. Thus, a good example was that, out of those living in the state of New York, although fully 85% of them cited me 126 times, yet only New York City itself stood out. It was the same with my personal chronicled 4 out of 48 publications, seeing that keywords clustered only in Oncology, a journal published in Switzerland!
Switzerland was therefore next considered with special reference to its publication role in the crucial worldwide RR traffic. Moreover, it occurred to me to limit this second search to single authors like me. Furthermore, as 100 is often chosen as a reasonable cohort, the search consisted of a random selection of 100 individually authored reprints, providing that the works had appeared in Current Contents . This magazine was editorially recommended as an open sesame in literature searches . Moreover, this had to follow strictly my above range of materials from 1957 to 1974. They are listed alphabetically according to the presence of keywords as follows:
1. Burgert, Jr EO. (1972/73) Psychological management of children with cancer and of their families. Paediatrician, 1: 311- 318.
2. Cameron HM. (1973) Oral tumour in Kenya. Pathologica et Microbiologica, 39: 187-195.
3.Hill MJ. (1974) Colon cancer: A disease of fibre depletion or of dietary excess? Digestion, 11: 289-306.
4. Mackay IR. (1972) Ageing and immunological function in man. Gerontologia, 18: 285-304.
5. Sonley MJ. (1972/73) Lymphosarcoma in childhood. Paediatrician, 1: 249-260.
6. Truman JT. (1972/73) Neuroblastoma. Paediatrician, 1: 231- 238.
Significant on its own was also the invitation which I received from an Editor . It came from the Journal, Biochemistry & Physiology, and requested me to contribute a personal Review. I did so recently under the title of “Lymphangiogenesis in Cancer: A Review” . It included 79 references. Interestingly, it highlighted my own paper . In it, I had traced the earliest microscopic deposits formed by cancer cells traveling from the lung to the abdominal lymph nodes. In particular, I wrote regarding the newness of this phenomenon as follows six times:
1. “Newly formed afferent vessels.”
2. “New afferents open up.”
3. “Newly openly backwardly directed lymphatics.”
4. “New retrogradely directed afferent lymphatics.”
5. “New afferent lymphatics links.”
6. “Probably most often transported backwards by way of newly formed afferent lymph vessels.”
Vessels of the afferent lymphatic type were, therefore, studiously mentioned not once but 6 times. Clearly, they stood out. And yet, probably because the keyword system was not in vogue then, attention was not directed to this discovery. Nowadays, it goes by the apposite name of “lymphangiogenesis,” i.e., formation of new lymph vessels. Surely, had keyword listing been in place around 1963, this highly regarded phenomenon would have entered the scientific scene around that year instead of appearing from only during recent years [5,15].
- Debakey S, Debakey L. The abstract: as abridged scientific report. International Journal of Cardiology. 1983;3(4):439-445.
- Personal communication on 20th June from Biochemistry &Physiology. Editor. 2014.
- Frame JD, Narin F, Carpenter MP. The distribution of world science. Social Studies of Science. 1977;7(4):501-516.
- Garfield E. Current contents reader survey. In Essays of the Information Scientist, Philadelphia: ISIS Press. 1977:3.
- Jones A, Fujiyama C, Turner K, Fuggle S, Cranston D, Turley H,et.al. Angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in stage 1 germ cell tumours of the testis.BJU Int. 2000;86(1):80-86.
- Leydesdorff L, Milojević S. Scientometrics. In: Micheal Lynch (Editor), International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Section 8.5: Science and Technology Studies, Subsection 85030. Elsevier. 2015.
- Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary. Merriam-Webster Inc, Springfield: MA. 2012:685.
- Offerhaus L. Editor’s Comments. The Journal in its growing pains. Netherlands Journal of Medicine. 1985;28:1.
- Onuigbo WIB. A modified theory of retrograde lymphatic metastasis in lung cancer. Br J Dis Chest. 1963;57:120-125.
- Onuigbo WIB. Printer’s devil and reprint requests. Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 1982;33(1):58-59.
- Onuigbo WIB. Reprint requests – a tool for documentation. International Forum on Information and Documentation. 1985; 10(3):7-9.
- Onuigbo WIB. Sociological study of surgical sciences with requested reprints. Nigerian Journal of Surgical Sciences. 1991;1:40-48.
- Onuigbo WIB. Information discordance in reprints on cancers in “the elderly.” European Science Editing. 2010;36:72-73.
- Onuigbo WIB. Lymphangiogenesis in cancer: A Review. Biochemistry &Physiology. 2014;3:3.doi:10.4172/2168-9652.1000138.
- Pauronen K, Puolakkalen P, Jussila L, Jahkola T, Alitola K. Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 in lymphangiogenesis in wound healing. Am J Pathol. 2000;156(5): 1499–1504. doi:10.1016/S0002-9440(10)65021-3
- Swales J.ESP in the big world of reprint requests. English for Specific Purposes. 1980;5(1):81-85.doi:10.1016/0889-4906(86)90009-8